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Комплекси утилізації органічних відходів як елемент розподіленої генерації у воєнний час


Presented Інститутом газу Національної академії наук України.

The work presents a complex solution to the strategic task of providing electricity to local consumers in wartime and post-war by accelerating the processing of the organic part of waste into energy carriers and using them for distributed biogas generation. The produced electricity and fuel provide a significant contribution to Ukraine's energy security, sustainability and independence of the domestic energy sector on the path to carbon-free development.

The authors have developed for the first time a biotechnology for the accelerated destruction of landfill waste with a high yield of biogas, the components of which are processed into electricity/fuel (CH4) and commercial carbon dioxide (CO2). The regularities of metabolic processes and succession of microbial communities, purification of toxic leachate have been studied, and the production of granular microbial preparations has been established.

Integrated technologies for the collection, preparation and use of biogas to generate electricity, heat, biomethane and carbon dioxide have been developed. The problem of greenhouse gas emissions, landfill fire safety, and the creation of sustainable sources of alternative energy has been solved. Based on the results of a systematic analysis of 16 municipal solid waste landfills, industrial biogas utilization systems were developed for power plants. The developments have been implemented at 7 landfills.

According to the NEURC statistics, biogas power plants produced and supplied more than 1 billion kWh of electricity to the grid on a continuous basis, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 5 million tons of CO2 equivalent. The potential for annual biogas production from organic waste in Ukraine is about 10 billion cubic meters of natural gas equivalent, which increases the stability of the power grid during peak load periods by increasing the distributed maneuvering capacity, which reduces the need for power outages.

Number of publications: including 6 monographs, 104 articles (37 in foreign journals), 35 articles in journals included in category “A” (including 26 foreign journals) and 53 articles in journals included in category “B”. The total number of citations to the authors' publications/h-index for the work according to the databases is respectively: Web of Science 54/1, Scopus 107/6, Google Scholar 249/7. 7 patents of Ukraine for the invention were obtained.