Work number - M 78
This study presents a comprehensive analysis of the problem of landscape semantics and poetics in the prose works by Ivan Franko and the members of the literary group «The Young Muse» –M. Yatskiv, B. Lepkyi, V. Birchak. It also proposes a wide definition of such notions as «literary landscape», «psychological landscape», «topographic feeling». For the first time main vectors of the investigation these problems have been outlined. A branched classification of the verbal landscapes (based on the various criteria, features, principles) is proposed. Basic types, forms and functions of the psychological plein air in Ivan Franko’s prose areexamined. The dynamics of the evolution of artistic principles and means of the natural world depiction and natural-human relationships presentation is observed in Franko’s literary-critical and prose heritage. This paper proposes an attempt to determine and thoroughly analyze the artistic features, figurative-expressive possibilities of the subjective (psychological) landscapes: consonances, dissonances, prognostic (hints), mood impressions, expressions (projections, equivalents of existential states, landscapes of memory, imagination and dream), allegorical and philosophical descriptions, landscape portraits. The author’s original forms of psychological descriptions of nature in «The Young Muse» prose have been distinguished and considered. To determine and explain the interaction of continuity and novelty in the principles of nature representation the attention was focused on the prose of I. Franko and the members of the literary group «The Young Muse» (M. Yatskiv, B. Lepkyi, V. Birchak) and other writers of the «transition period» (Olga Kobylianska Natalia Kobrynska, M.Kotsiubynskyi, Vasyl Stefanyk). A systematic interpretation of modernist trends of landscape-creation in their prose heritage was given.